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Acomplia (rimonabant) – Summary of product characteristics - A08AX01

Updated on site: 05-Oct-2017

Medication nameAcomplia
ATC CodeA08AX01
Substancerimonabant
Manufacturersanofi-aventis

1.

NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT

authorised

ACOMPLIA 20 mg film-coated tablets

 

2.

QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION

 

Each tablet contains 20 mg rimonabant.

 

Excipients:

 

The tablets contain approx. 115 mg lactose.

 

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

 

3.

PHARMACEUTICAL FORM

 

Film-coated tablet

Biconvex, teardrop-shaped, white tablets debossed with “20” on one side.

4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1 Therapeutic indications

4.2 Posology and method of administration

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As an adjunct to diet and exercise for the treatment of obese patients (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), or overweight patients (BMI > 27 kg/m2) with associated risk factor(s), such as type 2 diabetes or dyslipidaemia (see section 5.1).

In adults, the recommended dosage is one 20 mg tablet daily to be taken in the morning before

breakfast.

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The treatment should be introduced with a mildly reduced calorie diet.

The safety and efficacy of rimonabant have not been evaluated beyond 2 years.

• Special Populations

Elderly:

No dosage adjustment is required in elderly (see section 5.2). ACOMPLIA should be used with

caution in patients over 75 years of age (see section 4.4).

MedicinalPatients with hepatic insufficiency:

No dosage adjustment is required for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. ACOMPLIA should be used with caution in patients with moderate hepatic impairment. ACOMPLIA should not be used in patients with severe hepatic impairment (see section 4.4 and 5.2).

Patients with renal impairment:

No dosage adjustment is required for patients with mild and moderate renal impairment (see section 5.2). ACOMPLIA should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment (see section 4.4 and 5.2).

Paediatrics:

ACOMPLIA is not recommended for use in children below age 18 due to a lack of data on efficacy and safety.

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients Lactation.

Ongoing major depressive illness and/or ongoing antidepressive treatment (see section 4.4)

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Depressive disorders

current suicidal ideations and/or with a history of suicidal ideation and depressive disorder rimonabant should not be used unless the benefits of treatment are considered to outweigh these risks in an individual patient. (See section 4.3 and 4.8). Obesity is a condition that can be associated with depressive disorders. Depressive disorders can be associated with an increased risk of suicidal thoughts, self harm and suicide.

Depressive disorders or mood alterations with depressive symptoms have beenauthorisedreported in up to 10%, and suicidal ideation in up to 1%, of patients receiving rimonabant (see section 4.8). In patients with

The prescriber should carefully investigate if the patient has had a depressive disorder in the past in order to evaluate the potential risks with rimonabant treatment.

Depressive reactions may occur in patients who have no obvious risk factors, apart from obesity itself. In postmarketing experience, more than half of the patients who develop such reactions appear to do so within 1 month of starting treatment, approximately 80% appear to do so within 3 months. Patients should be actively monitored for signs and symptoms of psychiatric disorders, particularly depression following the start of treatment. If depression is diagnosed during rimonabant therapy, rimonabant treatment must be stopped. The patient should be monitored and treated appropriately.

 

 

 

no

Patients, especially those with a history of depressive disorders/moodlongeralterations, (and relatives or

other relevant persons) should be alerted about the need to monitor for the emergence of such

symptoms and to seek medical advice immediately if these occur.

 

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Other psychiatric conditions

 

Therapy with rimonabant is not recommended in patients with uncontrolled psychiatric illness.

If psychiatric illness is diagnosed during rimonabant therapy, treatment must be stopped.

Seizures

 

 

Rimonabant has not been studied in patients being treated for epilepsy. In clinical trials no difference in the incidence of seizures was seen in patients receiving rimonabant or placebo. Rimonabant, however, should be used with caution in these patients, see also section 5.3.

Hepatic impairment

Rimonabant is metabolised by the liver, thus caution is advised in patients with moderate hepatic

Medicinal

impairment. The pharmacokinetics and safety of rimonabant have not been studied in patients with

severe hepatic impairment; its use in these patients is not recommended.

Renal impairment

There are limited data in patients with moderate renal impairment and no data in patients with severe renal impairment. Rimonabant should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment (see section 4.2 and 5.2).

Elderly

The efficacy and safety of rimonabant treatment in patients over 75 years of age has not sufficiently been established. Rimonabant should be used with caution in this population (see section 5.2).

Race

The clinical effect (weight loss) of rimonabant in Black patients was lower than in Caucasians. This could be caused by a higher rimonabant clearance than in Caucasians resulting in a lower exposure (see section 5.2).

Diabetic patients

Due to the effect of rimonabant on the blood glucose level, when rimonabant is administered in diabetic patients, hypoglyceamia can occur (see section 4.8). Monitoring of blood glucose level is recommended in these patients.

Drug Interaction

Rimonabant should be used with caution in combination with potent CYP3A4authorisedinhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir, telithromycin, clarithromycin, nefazodone)(see section 4.5).

Lactose

Since ACOMPLIA tablets contain lactose, patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose

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hepatic) pathways in

 

 

not take this

 

than

6 months ago

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

 

no

 

 

vitro. Concomitant administration of CYP3A4 inhibitors will lead to increased exposure of

rimonabant. Concomitant administration of CYP3A4 inducers is expected to reduce the exposure of rimonabant.

Potential for other medicinalproductproducts to affect rimonabant:

Concomitant administration of ketoconazole (a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor) increased rimonabant AUC by 104% (95% prediction interval: 40% - 197%). A similar increase in exposure is expected with other potent CYP3A4 inhibitors. Caution is advised during concomitant use of ACOMPLIA and potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir, telithromycin, clarithromycin, nefazodone).

Although concomitant administration of CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. rifampicin, phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, St John’s wort) has not been studied, it is expected that concomitant administration of potent CYP3A4 inducers may reduce the plasma concentration of rimonabant and may result in loss of

efficacy.

MedicinalConcomitant administration of orlistat, ethanol or lorazepam had no significant effect on the plasma levels of rimonabant.

Potential for rimonabant to affect other medicinal products:

The in vivo inhibitory effect on CYP2C8 has not been studied. However, in vitro, rimonabant had a mild inhibitory effect on CYP2C8. The potential for inhibition of CYP2C8 in vivo appears to be low. Rimonabant does not inhibit or induce other CYP enzymes or P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in vitro. This was confirmed clinically with specific probe studies using midazolam (CYP 3A4 substrate) and warfarin (CYP 2C9 substrate) and digoxin (a P-gp substrate).

The steady-state pharmacokinetics of an ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel combination oral contraceptive were not significantly altered by concomitant administration of rimonabant.

No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been Cognitive investigations in clinical pharmacology studies demonstrated that any significant cognitive or sedative effect.

4.6 Pregnancy and lactation

There are no adequate or well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Animalauthoriseddata are inconclusive but

suggest possible deleterious effects on embryonal/foetal development (see section 5.3). The potential risk for humans is unknown. Use in pregnancy is, therefore, not recommended. Patients should notify their physician if they become pregnant during treatment with ACOMPLIA.

Rimonabant has been detected in the milk of lactating rats and rimonabant may inhibit the suckling reflex. It is not known if rimonabant is excreted in human milk. ACOMPLIA is contraindicated during breast-feeding (see section 4.3).

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

performed.

rimonabant is devoid of

4.8 Undesirable effects

that examined the metabolic and weight loss effects in overweight and obese patients and in approximately 3800 patients in other indications. In placebo-controlled studies, the discontinuation

rate due to adverse reactions was 15.7% for patients receiving rimonabant. The most common adverse reactions resulting in discontinuation were: nausea, mood alteration with depressive symptoms, depressive disorders, anxiety and dizziness.

ACOMPLIA 20 mg has been evaluated for safety in approximatelylonger2500 patients enrolled in studies

Depressive disorders were reported in 3.2% of obese patients, or overweight patients with associated risk factor(s) treated with rimonabant 20 mg. Thesenowere usually mild or moderate in severity and

resulted in recovery in all cases either after corrective treatment or discontinuation of rimonabant and did not exhibit any differentiating characteristics compared to cases reported in the control groups.

The following table (tableproduct1) shows all treatment-emergent adverse reactions from placebo-controlled

studies in patients treated for weight loss and related metabolic disorders when these incidences were statistically significantly greater than the corresponding placebo rate (for events 1%) or considered clinically relevant (for events < 1%).

Classification of expected frequencies of undesirable effects:

Very common (10%); Common (≥1, <10%); Uncommon (0.1, <1%); Rare (0.01, <0.1%); Very rare (<0.01%), Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).

Medicinal

Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

Table 1:

 

System Organ

 

Very common

Common

 

 

Uncommon

Rare

 

Class

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infections

and

Upper respiratory

Gastroenteritis

 

 

 

 

 

infestations

 

tract infection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Metabolism and

 

 

 

 

 

Hypoglycaemia*

 

 

nutrition disorders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Psychiatric

 

 

Depressive

 

 

Panic symptoms

Hallucinations

 

disorders

 

 

disorders

 

 

Anger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mood alterations

 

Dysphoria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

with depressive

 

Emotional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

symptoms

 

 

disorder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anxiety

 

 

Suicidal ideation

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irritability

 

 

Aggressiveness

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nervousness

 

Aggressive

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sleep disorders

 

behaviour

authorised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Insomnia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parasomnias

 

 

 

 

 

Nervous system

 

 

Memory loss

 

Lethargy

 

 

 

disorders

 

 

Dizziness

 

 

Tremor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hypoaesthesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sciatica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paresthesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vascular disorders

 

Hot flush

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Respiratory,

 

 

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Hiccups

 

 

 

thoracic and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mediastinal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disorders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gastrointestinal

 

Nausea

Diarrhoea

 

 

 

 

 

 

disorders

 

 

Vomiting

 

 

 

 

 

 

Skin and

 

 

Pruritus

 

 

Night sweats

 

 

subcutaneous tissue

 

Hyperhidrosis

 

 

 

 

disorders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Musculoskeletal

 

 

Tendonitis

 

 

 

 

 

 

and

 

 

 

Muscle cramp

 

 

 

 

connective

 

 

Muscle spasms

 

 

 

 

tissue disorders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General disorders

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Asthenia/fatigue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Influenza

 

 

 

 

 

 

Injury, Poisoning

 

Fall

 

 

 

 

 

 

and procedural

 

 

Contusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

complications

 

 

Joint sprain

 

 

 

 

 

 

*frequency is based only on reports in obese or overweight diabetic patients.

 

 

In clinical studies for other indications, the following additional adverse reactions were commonly

 

reported:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

infections and infestations: sinusitis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

metabolism and nutrition disorders: anorexia, decreased appetite,

 

 

 

gastrointestinal disorders: stomach discomfort, dry mouth.

 

 

 

Medicinal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight Management
Clinical study results

Post-Marketing

 

In addition the following adverse reactions were reported during postmarketing (frequency not

known):

authorised

Psychiatric disorder: psychotic disorders including hallucinations, delusion and paranoia.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: rash.

 

Nervous disorders: convulsions, disturbance in attention, headache.

 

gastrointestinal disorders: abdominal pain.

 

Laboratory adverse events

 

ACOMPLIA has not been shown to alter laboratory test values.

 

4.9

Overdose

 

Experience with rimonabant in overdosage is limited. In a single-dose tolerability study, doses up to 300 mg were administered to a limited number of subjects with only minor symptoms reported. These included headache, euphoria, fatigue and insomnia. The pharmacokinetic profile demonstrates that a

plateau in exposures is reached at 180 mg. There is no specific antidote for rimonabant; therefore,

ATC code: A08AX01

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appropriate supportive measures should be initiated in case of overdose. Treatment should consist of

the general measures employed in the management of overdoses, such as keeping airways

unobstructed, monitoring cardiovascular function and general symptomatic and supportive measures.

5.

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

5.1

Pharmacodynamic properties

 

no

Pharmaco-therapeutic group: Anti obesity agent

Rimonabant is a selective cannabinoid-1 receptor (CB1) antagonist that inhibits the pharmacological effects of cannabinoid agonists in vitro and in vivo.

The endocannabinoid systemproductis a physiological system present in brain and peripheral tissues

(including adipocytes) that affects energy balance, glucose and lipid metabolism and body weight, and in neurons of the mesolimbic system modulates the intake of highly palatable, sweet or fatty foods.

In total more than 6800 patients were included in the Phase 2 and Phase 3 clinical studies. The patients included in the phase 3 trials followed a restrictive diet during the trial prescribed by a dietician and

they were advised to increase their physical activity. Patients had a BMI 30 kg/m² or BMI Medicinal> 27 kg/m² with hypertension and/or dyslipidemia at inclusion. Approximately 80% of the population

were women, 87% Caucasian and 9% Black. Experience in patients over 75 years and Orientals/Asians was limited.

Significant mean weight reductions from baseline to one year for ACOMPLIA 20 mg versus placebo were demonstrated in three studies conducted in non-diabetic patients. A mean weight loss of 6.5 kg from baseline to one year was shown for ACOMPLIA 20 mg versus a mean weight loss of 1.6 kg for placebo (Difference -4.9 kg CI95% -5.3;-4.4, p< 0.001).

The percentage of patients who lost 5% and 10% of their baseline body weight after 1 year of treatment are given in table 2:

Table 2:

 

 

Non-diabetic studies

Diabetic study

 

 

 

Placebo

ACOMPLIA

Placebo

ACOMPLIA

 

 

 

 

20 mg

 

20 mg

 

nITT

 

 

Weight

at baseline

 

(kg)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subjects

with a 5%

19.7%

50.8%

14.5%

49.4%

 

weight reduction

 

 

 

 

 

Difference (CI 95%)

31.1% (28%; 34%)

34.9% (28%; 41%)

 

Subjects with a 10%

7.8%

27.0%

2.0%

16.2%

 

weight reduction

 

 

 

 

 

Difference (CI 95%)

19.2% (17%; 22%)

14.2% (10%; 19%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

authorised

 

Most of the observed weight reduction was obtained withinlongerthe first nine months of treatment.

ACOMPLIA 20 mg was effective in maintaining weight loss up to two years. Weight loss at two years was 5.1 kg for patients who received ACOMPLIA 20 mg and 1.2 kg for placebo (Difference -3.8 kg; CI95% -4.4, -3.3; p< 0.001).

Rimonabant 20 mg reduced the risk of weight regain. Patients who received ACOMPLIA 20 mg for one year were re-randomized to ACOMPLIA 20 mg or placebo. At two years, patients continuing on rimonabant had a mean total weight loss of 7.5 kg over 2 years whereas patients re-randomized to

placebo group during the second year had a meannototal weight loss of 3.1 kg over 2 years. At two

years, the difference in total weight loss between ACOMPLIA and placebo was -4.2 kg (CI95% -5.0;-

3.4, p< 0.001).

Treatment with rimonabant was associated with significant reductions in waist circumference, a known marker of intra-abdominalproductfat.

The effects on body weight appeared to be consistent among men and women. In the limited number of Black patients weight loss was less pronounced (mean difference to placebo -2.9 kg). No conclusions can be drawn with regard to effects in patients over 75 years or in Asian/Oriental patients due to the low number of patients.

Weight management and additional risk factors

In the non-diabetic studies including a mixed population of subjects with/without (treated) dyslipidemia, an increase in HDL-C and decrease in triglycerides (at one year) was observed. For

HDL-C an average increase of 16.4% was seen under rimonabant 20 mg (baseline HDL-C Medicinal1.24 mmol/l) compared to an increase of 8.9% for placebo (baseline HDL-C 1.21 mmol/l). The

difference was statistically significant (Difference 7.9% CI95% 6.6%; 9.2%, p< 0.001). For the triglycerides an average decrease of 6.9% was seen under rimonabant 20 mg (baseline TG

1.62 mmol/l) compared to an increase of 5.8% for placebo (baseline TG 1.65 mmol/l). The difference was statistically significant (Difference -13.3% CI95% -16.5; -10.2% p< 0.001). It is estimated that approximately half of the observed improvement in HDL-C and triglycerides in patients who received rimonabant 20 mg was beyond that expected from weight loss alone.

Generally ACOMPLIA 20 mg had no significant effect on Total-C or LDL-C levels.

In the trial in type 2 diabetic patients (RIO-Diabetes) who were overweight or obese treated with metformin or sulfonylurea improvements in HbA1c and body weight were observed. The absolute change in HbA1c at one year was -0.6 for rimonabant 20 mg (baseline 7.3%) and +0.1 on placebo (baseline 7.2%). Differences were statistically significant (Difference -0.7%, CI95% -0.80;-0.5, p<0.001).

At one year a mean weight loss of 5.3 kg was shown for ACOMPLIA 20 mg versus a loss on placebo

of 1.4 kg (Difference –3.9 kg CI95%

-4.6;-3.3 p<0.001). The percentage of patients who lost 5% and

 

authorised

10% of their baseline body weight after 1 year of treatment are given in the table 2.

In a second trial in treatment naïve type 2 diabetic obese patients (Serenade), the absolute change in HbA1c (with a baseline of 7.9% for both groups) at six months was -0.8 for rimonabant 20 mg and -0.3 under placebo (Difference -0.51 CI95% -0.78, -0.24 p< 0.001). The percentage of patients reaching HbA1c < 7% was 51% in the rimonabant group and 35% in the placebo group. The difference in mean

body weight change between the 20 mg and placebo groups was 3.8 kg (CI95% -5.0, -2.6 p< 0.001). Changes in HDL-C and TG in this population were similar to that of the non-diabetic population. It is

estimated that approximately half of the mean improvement in HbA1c in patients receiving rimonabant 20 mg was beyond that expected from weight loss alone.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Rimonabant pharmacokinetics are fairly dose proportional up to about 20 mg. AUC increased less than in proportion to dose above 20 mg.

Absorption:

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Rimonabant displays high in vitro permeability and is not a substrate of P-glycoprotein. The absolute bioavailability of rimonabant has not been determined. Following multiple once-daily doses of 20 mg to healthy subjects in the fasted state, maximum plasma concentrations of rimonabant are achieved in approximately 2 hours with steady state plasma levels achieved within 13 days (Cmax = 196 ±

28.1 ng/ml; Ctrough = 91.6 ± 14.1 ng/ml; AUC0-24 = 2960 ± 268 ng.h/ml). Steady state rimonabant exposures are 3.3-fold higher than those observed after the first dose. Population pharmacokinetic

analysis demonstrated less fluctuation in peak to trough plasma concentration but no differences in steady state AUC as weight increases. As weight increases from 65 to 200 kg, Cmax is expected to

decrease 24% and Ctrough is expected to increase by 5%. Time to steady state is longer in obese patients no (25 days) as a consequence of the higher volume of distribution in these patients. Population

pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that rimonabant pharmacokinetics are similar between healthy non-smoking subjects and patients who smoke.

Effect of food:

product

 

Administration of rimonabant to healthy subjects in the fasted state or with a high fat meal demonstrated that Cmax and AUC were increased 67% and 48% respectively, under fed conditions. In clinical studies, ACOMPLIA 20 mg was taken in the morning usually before breakfast.

Distribution:

The in vitro human plasma protein binding of rimonabant is high (> 99.9%) and non-saturable over a wide concentration range. The apparent peripheral volume of distribution of rimonabant appears to be related to body weight, with obese patients having a higher volume of distribution than normal-weight subjects.

MedicinalBiotransformation:

Rimonabant is metabolized by both CYP3A and amidohydrolase (predominantly hepatic) pathways in vitro. Circulating metabolites do not contribute to its pharmacologic activity.

Elimination:

Rimonabant is mainly eliminated by metabolism and subsequent biliary excretion of metabolites. Only an approximate 3% of the dose of rimonabant is eliminated in the urine, while approximately 86% of the dose is excreted in the faeces as unchanged drug and metabolites. In obese patients, the elimination half-life is longer (about 16 days) than in non-obese patients (about 9 days) due to a larger volume of distribution.

Special Populations

Race:

compared to Caucasian subjects (about 9 days). The difference in half-life was due to differences in peripheral volume of distribution as a consequence of lower weight in Japanese subjects.

In single- and repeat-dose studies, the Cmax and AUC of rimonabant were similarauthorisedin healthy Japanese and Caucasian subjects, whereas elimination half-life was shorter in Japanese subjects (3-4 days)

Black patients may have up to a 31% lower Cmax and a 43% lower AUC than patients of other races.

Gender:

The pharmacokinetics of rimonabant are similar in female and male patients.

Elderly:

Elderly patients have slightly higher exposure than young patients. Based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis (age range 18 - 81 years) a 75 year old patient is estimated to have a 21% higher Cmax and a 27% higher AUC than a 40 year old patient.

Patients with hepatic insufficiency:

Mild hepatic impairment does not alter rimonabant exposure. Data are insufficient to draw conclusions regarding pharmacokinetics in moderate hepatic impairment. Patients with severe hepatic impairment were not evaluated.

Patients with renal impairment:

The effect of renal function on the pharmacokinetics of rimonabant has not been studied specifically. Based on data from population pharmacokinetic studies, mild renal impairment do not seem to affect the pharmacokinetics of rimonabant. Limited data suggest an increased exposure in patients with moderate renal impairment (40% increase in AUC). There are no data in severe renal impairment.

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5.3 Preclinical safety data

no

 

Adverse reactions not observed in clinical studies, but seen in animals at exposure levels similar to

clinical exposure levels and with possible relevance to clinical use were as follows:

product

 

Convulsions were observed sporadically in studies in rodents and macaques. No convulsions were observed in dogs during a 3 month study. In some, but not all cases, initiation of convulsions appeared to be associated with procedural stress such as handling of the animals. A proconvulsant activity of rimonabant was found in one of two safety pharmacology studies. No adverse effect of rimonabant treatment was observed on EEG patterns in rats.

Increased incidence and/or severity of clinical signs suggestive of increased tactile hyperesthesia were observed in rodent studies. A direct effect of rimonabant cannot be ruled out.

Liver steatosis and a dose-related increase in centrilobular necrosis were observed in long-term studies

in the rat. A direct effect of rimonabant cannot be ruled out.

MedicinalIn standard fertility studies in female rats (dosing for 2 weeks prior to mating) there was abnormal oestrous cyclicity and a decrease in corpora lutea and fertility index at doses of rimonabant that

induced maternal toxicity (30 and 60 mg/kg/day). Following dosing for a longer treatment duration prior to mating (9 weeks) that permitted recovery from the initial effects of rimonabant, no adverse effects were seen on fertility or oestrous cyclicity. Regarding reproductive parameters, at 30 mg/kg no differences were observed between treated animals and controls, at 60 mg/kg effects were still observed (decreased number of corpora lutea, implantations, total and viable fetuses).

Sporadic malformations (anencephaly, micro-ophthalmia, widened brain ventricles and omphalocele) were observed in the rabbit embryofetal toxicity studies at doses resulting in exposures comparable with the clinical exposures. Although maternal toxicity was observed at these doses, a relation to treatment cannot be excluded. No treatment-related malformations were seen in the rat.

Effects of rimonabant on pre- and post-natal development were assessed in the rat at doses up to

10 mg/kg/day. There was a treatment related increase in pup mortality in the pre-weaning period. The increased pup mortality might be attributable to a failure of the dam to nurseauthorisedor ingestion of rimonabant in milk and/or inhibition of the suckling reflex that is reported in the literature to be

initiated in neonatal mice by endocannabinoid signalling via CB1 receptors. There are reports in the literature that, in both rodents and humans, the spatial distribution and density of CB1 receptors in the brain changes during development. The potential relevance of this to administration of a CB1 antagonist is unknown. In the pre- and post-natal development study in rats, exposure to rimonabant in utero and via lactation produced no alterations on learning or memory, but equivocal effects on motor activity and auditory startle response were observed in the pups as a result of rimonabant exposure.

6. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

6.1

List of excipients

 

 

Tablet core:

 

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maize starch,

 

lactose monohydrate,

 

povidone K 30 (E1201),

 

croscarmellose sodium (E468),

 

sodium laurilsulfate (E487),

 

microcrystalline cellulose (E460),

 

magnesium stearate

 

Tablet coating:

no

lactose monohydrate,

hypromellose 15 mPa.s (E464),

titanium dioxide (E171),

 

macrogol 3000

 

Tablet polishing:

 

carnauba wax (E903)

 

 

 

6.2

Incompatibilities

 

 

Not applicable

6.3

Shelf-life

product

3 years

 

Medicinal

 

6.4

Special precautions for storage

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

6.5

Nature and contents of container

PVC-aluminium blister packs containing 14, 28, 30, 56, 84, 90 and 98 film-coated tablets. 70 x 1 film-coated tablets in PVC-aluminium perforated unit dose blister packs.

Opaque white HDPE bottles containing 28, 98 and 500 film-coated tablets. Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal

No special requirements

7.

MARKETING AUTHORIZATION HOLDER

authorised

10.

DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

 

sanofi-aventis.

 

 

 

174 Avenue de France

 

 

 

F-75013 Paris

 

 

 

France

 

 

 

8.

MARKETING AUTHORIZATION NUMBER

 

EU/1/06/344/001-011

 

 

 

9.

DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION

19 June 2006

 

 

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Detailed information on this product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency

(EMEA) http://www.emea.europa.eu.

 

 

 

 

product

no

 

Medicinal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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