Jalra (vildagliptin) – Package leaflet - A10BH02

Updated on site: 08-Oct-2017

Medication nameJalra
ATC CodeA10BH02
ManufacturerNovartis Europharm Limited

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Jalra 50 mg tablets vildagliptin

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicinebecause it contains important information for you.

-Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

-If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist ornurse.

-This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,

even if their signs of illnessare the same as yours.

-If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet

1.What Jalra is and what it is used for

2.What you need to know before you takeJalra

3.How to take Jalra

4.Possible side effects

5.How to store Jalra

6.Contents of the pack and other information

1.What Jalra is and what it is used for

The active substance of Jalra, vildagliptin, belongs to a group of medicines called “oral antidiabetics”.

Jalra is used to treat adult patients with type 2 diabetes. It is used when diabetes cannot be controlled by diet and exercise alone. It helps to control the level of sugar in the blood.Your doctor will prescribe Jalra either alone or together with certain other antidiabetic medicines which you will already be taking, if these have not proved sufficiently effective to control diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes develops if the body does not make enough insulin or if the insulin that the body makes does not work as well as it should. It can also develop if the body produces too much glucagon.

Insulin is a substance which helps to lower the level of sugar in the blood, especially after meals. Glucagon is a substance which triggers the production of sugar by the liver, causing the blood sugar level to rise. The pancreas makes both of these substances.

How Jalra works

Jalra works by making the pancreas produce more insulin and less glucagon. This helps to control the blood sugar level. This medicine has been shown to reduce blood sugar, which may help to prevent complications from your diabetes. Even though you are now starting a medicine for your diabetes, it is important that you continue to follow the diet and/or exercise which has been recommended for you.

2. What you need to know before you takeJalra

Do not take Jalra:

if you are allergic to vildagliptin or any of the other ingredients ofthis medicine (listed in section 6). If you think you may be allergic to vildagliptin or any of the other ingredients of Jalra, do not take this medicine and talk to your doctor.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before taking Jalra.

if you have type 1 diabetes (i.e. your body does not produce insulin)or if you have a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis.

if you are taking an anti-diabetic medicine known as a sulphonylurea (your doctor may want to reduce your dose of the sulphonylurea when you take it together withJalra in order to avoid low blood glucose [hypoglycaemia]).

if you have moderate or severe kidney disease (you will need to take a lower dose of Jalra).

if you are on dialysis.

if you have liver disease.

if you suffer from heart failure.

if you have or have had a disease of the pancreas.

If you have previously taken vildagliptin but had to stop taking it because of liver disease, you should not take this medicine.

Diabetic skin lesions are a common complication of diabetes. You are advised to follow the recommendations for skin and foot care that you are given by your doctor or nurse. You are also advised to pay particular attention to new onset of blisters or ulcers while takingJalra. Should these occur, you should promptly consult your doctor.

A test to determine your liver function will be performed before the start ofJalra treatment, at three- month intervals for the first year and periodically thereafter. This is so that signs of increased liver enzymes can be detected as early as possible.

Children and adolescents

The use of Jalra in children and adolescents up to 18 years of age is not recommended.

Other medicines and Jalra

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking,have recently taken or might take any other medicines.

Your doctor may wish to alter your dose ofJalra if you are taking other medicines such as:

-thiazides or other diuretics (also called water tablets)

-corticosteroids(generally used to treat inflammation)

-thyroid medicines

-certain medicines affecting the nervous system.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.

You should not use Jalra during pregnancy. It is not known if Jalra passes into breast milk. You should not use Jalra if you are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.

Driving and using machines

If you feel dizzy while taking Jalra, do not drive or use machines.

Jalra contains lactose

Jalra contains lactose (milk sugar). If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicine.

3.How to take Jalra

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

How much to take and when

The amount of Jalra people have to take varies depending on their condition. Your doctor will tell you exactly how many tablets of Jalra to take. The maximum daily dose is 100 mg.

The usual dose of Jalra is either:

50 mg daily taken as one dose in the morning if you are takingJalra with another medicine called a sulphonylurea.

100 mg daily taken as 50 mg in the morning and 50 mg in the evening if you are takingJalra alone, with another medicine called metformin or a glitazone, with a combination of metformin and a sulphonylurea, or with insulin.

50 mg daily in the morning if you have moderateor severe kidney disease or if you are on dialysis.

How to take Jalra

Swallow the tablets whole with some water.

How long to take Jalra

Take Jalra every day for as long as your doctor tells you. You may have to take this treatment over a long period of time.

Your doctor will regularly monitor your condition to check that the treatment is having the desired effect.

If you take more Jalra than you should

If you take too many Jalra tablets, or if someone else has taken your medicine, talk to your doctor straight away. Medical attention may be needed. If you need to see a doctor or go to the hospital, take the pack with you.

If you forget to take Jalra

If you forget to take a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as you remember. Then take your next dose at the usual time. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.

If you stop taking Jalra

Do not stop taking Jalra unless your doctor tells you to. If you have questions about how long to take this medicine, talk to your doctor.

4.Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Some symptoms need immediate medical attention:

You should stop taking Jalra and see your doctor immediately if you experience the following side effects:

Angioedema (rare: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people): Symptoms include swollen face, tongue or throat, difficulty swallowing, difficulties breathing, sudden onset rash or hives, which may indicate a reaction called “angioedema”.

Liver disease (hepatitis) (rare): Symptoms include yellow skin and eyes, nausea, loss of appetite or dark-coloured urine, which may indicate liver disease (hepatitis).

Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) (frequency not known): Symptoms include severe and persistent pain in the abdomen (stomach area), which might reach through to yourback, as well as nausea and vomiting.

Other side effects

Some patients have had the following side effects while takingJalra and metformin:

Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people): Trembling, headache, dizziness, nausea, low blood glucose

Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people): Tiredness

Some patients have had the following side effects while takingJalra and a sulphonylurea:

Common: Trembling, headache, dizziness, weakness, low blood glucose

Uncommon: Constipation

Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people): Sore throat, runny nose

Some patients have had the following side effects while takingJalra and a glitazone:

Common: Weight increase, swollen hands, ankle or feet (oedema)

Uncommon: Headache, weakness, low blood glucose

Some patients have had the following side effects while takingJalra alone:

Common: Dizziness

Uncommon: Headache, constipation, swollen hands, ankle or feet (oedema), joint pain, low blood glucose

Very rare: Sore throat, runny nose, fever

Some patients have had the following side effects while taking Jalra, metformin and a sulphonylurea:

Common: Dizziness, tremor, weakness, low blood glucose, excessive sweating

Some patients have had the following side effects while takingJalra and insulin (with or without metformin):

Common: Headache, chills, nausea (feeling sick), low blood glucose, heartburn

Uncommon : Diarrhoea, flatulence

Since this product has been marketed, the following side effects have also been reported:

Frequency not known (cannot be estimated from the available data): Itchy rash, inflammation of the pancreas, localised peeling of skin or blisters, muscle pain

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the national reporting system listed in Appendix V. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5.How to store Jalra

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the blister and the carton after “EXP”. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Store in the original package in order to protect from moisture.

Do not use any Jalra pack that is damaged or shows signs of tampering.

6.Contents of the pack and other information

What Jalra contains

The active substance is vildagliptin. Each tablet contains 50 mg vildagliptin.

The other ingredients are lactose anhydrous, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate (type A) and magnesium stearate.

What Jalra looks like and contents of the pack

Jalra 50 mg tablets are round, white to light yellowish and flat, with “NVR” on one side and “FB” on the other.

Jalra 50 mg tablets are available in packs containing 7, 14, 28, 30, 56, 60, 90, 112, 180 or 336 tablets and in multipacks comprising 3 cartons, each containing 112 tablets.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed in your country.

Marketing Authorisation Holder

Novartis Europharm Limited

Frimley Business Park

Camberley GU16 7SR

United Kingdom


Novartis Pharma GmbH

Roonstraße 25

D-90429 Nuremberg


For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:



Novartis Pharma N.V.

Novartis Pharma Services Inc.

Tél/Tel: +32 2 246 16 11

Tel: +370 5 269 16 50



Novartis Pharma Services Inc.

Novartis Pharma N.V.

Тел.: +359 2 489 98 28

Tél/Tel: +32 2 246 16 11

Česká republika


Novartis s.r.o.

Novartis Hungária Kft. Pharma

Tel: +420 225 775 111

Tel.: +36 1 457 65 00



Novartis Healthcare A/S

Novartis Pharma Services Inc.

Tlf: +45 39 16 84 00

Tel: +356 2122 2872



Novartis Pharma GmbH

Novartis Pharma B.V.

Tel: +49 911 273 0

Tel: +31 26 37 82 111



Novartis Pharma Services Inc.

Novartis Norge AS

Tel: +372 66 30 810

Tlf: +47 23 05 20 00



Novartis (Hellas) A.E.B.E.

Novartis Pharma GmbH

Τηλ: +30 210 281 17 12

Tel: +43 1 86 6570





Tηλ: +30 210 74 88 821




Laboratorios Dr. Esteve, S.A.

Novartis Poland Sp. z o.o.

Tel: +34 93 446 60 00

Tel.: +48 22 375 4888



Novartis Pharma S.A.S.

Bialport-Produtos Farmacêuticos, S.A.

Tél: +33 1 55 47 66 00

Tel: +351 22 986 61 00



Novartis Hrvatska d.o.o.

Novartis Pharma Services Romania SRL

Tel. +385 1 6274 220

Tel: +40 21 31299 01



Novartis Ireland Limited

Novartis Pharma Services Inc.

Tel: +353 1 260 12 55

Tel: +386 1 300 75 50


Slovenská republika

Vistor hf.

Novartis Slovakia s.r.o.

Sími: +354 535 7000

Tel: +421 2 5542 5439



Novartis Farma S.p.A.

Novartis Finland Oy

Tel: +39 02 96 54 1

Puh/Tel: +358 (0)10 6133 200



Novartis Pharma Services Inc.

Novartis Sverige AB

Τηλ: +357 22 690 690

Tel: +46 8 732 32 00


United Kingdom

Novartis Pharma Services Inc.

Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd.

Tel: +371 67 887 070

Tel: +44 1276 698370

This leaflet was last revised in

Other sources of information

Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency website: http://www.ema.europa.eu


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