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Osseor (strontium ranelate) – Summary of product characteristics - M05BX03

Updated on site: 09-Oct-2017

Medication nameOsseor
ATC CodeM05BX03
Substancestrontium ranelate
ManufacturerLes Laboratoires Servier

This medicinal product is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety information. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions. See section 4.8 for how to report adverse reactions.

1.NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT

OSSEOR 2 g granules for oral suspension

2.QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION

Each sachet contains 2 g of strontium ranelate.

Excipient with known effect:

Each sachet also contains 20 mg of aspartame (E951).

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

3.PHARMACEUTICAL FORM

Granules for oral suspension

Yellow granules

4.CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1Therapeutic indications

Treatment of severe osteoporosis:

-in postmenopausal women,

-in adult men,

at high risk of fracture, for whom treatment with other medicinal products approved for the treatment of osteoporosis is not possible due to, for example, contraindications or intolerance. In postmenopausal women, strontium ranelate reduces the risk of vertebral and hip fractures (see section 5.1).

The decision to prescribe strontium ranelate should be based on an assessment of the individual patient's overall risks (see sections 4.3 and 4.4).

4.2Posology and method of administration

Treatment should only be initiated by a physician with experience in the treatment of osteoporosis.

Posology

The recommended dose is one 2 g sachet once daily by oral administration.

Due to the nature of the treated disease, strontium ranelate is intended for long-term use.

The absorption of strontium ranelate is reduced by food, milk and derivative products and therefore, OSSEOR should be administered in-between meals. Given the slow absorption, OSSEOR should be taken at bedtime, preferably at least two hours after eating (see sections 4.5 and 5.2).

Patients treated with strontium ranelate should receive vitamin D and calcium supplements if dietary intake is inadequate.

Elderly

The efficacy and safety of strontium ranelate have been established in a broad age range (up to 100 years at inclusion) of adult men and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. No dose adjustment is required in relation to age.

Renal impairment

Strontium ranelate is not recommended for patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance below 30 ml/min) (see sections 4.4 and 5.2). No dose adjustment is required in patients with mild-to-moderate renal impairment (30-70 ml/min creatinine clearance) (see sections 4.4 and 5.2).

Hepatic impairment

No dose adjustment is required in patients with hepatic impairment(see section 5.2).

Paediatric population

The safety and efficacy of OSSEOR in children aged below 18 years have not been established. No data are available.

Method of administration For oral use.

The granules in the sachets must be taken as a suspension in a glass containing a minimum of 30 ml (approximately one third of a standard glass) of water.

Although in-use studies have demonstrated that strontium ranelate is stable in suspension for 24 hours after preparation, the suspension should be drunk immediately after being prepared.

4.3Contraindications

-Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

-Current or previous venous thromboembolic events (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

-Temporary or permanent immobilisation due to e.g. post-surgical recovery or prolonged bed rest.

-Established, current or past history of ischaemic heart disease, peripheral arterial disease and/or cerebrovascular disease.

-Uncontrolled hypertension.

4.4Special warnings and precautions for use

Cardiac ischaemic events

In pooled randomised placebo-controlled studies of post-menopausal osteoporotic patients, a significant increase in myocardial infarction has been observed in OSSEOR treated patients compared to placebo (see section 4.8).

Before starting treatment, patients should be evaluated with respect to cardiovascular risk. Patients with significant risk factors for cardiovascular events (e.g. hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking) should only be treated with strontium ranelate after careful consideration (see sections 4.3 and 4.8).

During OSSEOR treatment, these cardiovascular risks should be monitored on a regular basis generally every 6 to 12 months.

Treatment should be stopped if the patient develops ischaemic heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, cerebrovascular disease or if hypertension is uncontrolled (see section 4.3).

Venous thromboembolism

In phase III placebo-controlled studies, strontium ranelate treatment was associated with an increase in the annual incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including pulmonary embolism (see section 4.8). The cause of this finding is unknown. OSSEOR is contra-indicated in patients with a

past history of venous thromboembolic events (see section 4.3) and should be used with caution in patients at risk of VTE.

When treating patients over 80 years at risk of VTE, the need for continued treatment with OSSEOR should be re-evaluated.

OSSEOR should be discontinued as soon as possible in the event of an illness or a condition leading to immobilisation (see section 4.3) and adequate preventive measures taken. Therapy should not be restarted until the initiating condition has resolved and the patient is fully mobile. When a VTE occurs, OSSEOR should be stopped.

Use in patients with renal impairment

In the absence of bone safety data in patients with severe renal impairment treated with strontium ranelate, OSSEOR is not recommended in patients with a creatinine clearance below 30 ml/min (see section 5.2). In accordance with good medical practice, periodic assessment of renal function is recommended in patients with chronic renal impairment. Continuation of treatment with OSSEOR in patients developing severe renal impairment should be considered on an individual basis.

Skin reactions

Life-threatening cutaneous reactions (Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS)) have been reported with the use of OSSEOR.

Patients should be advised of the signs and symptoms and monitored closely for skin reactions. The highest risk for occurrence of SJS or TEN is within the first weeks of treatment and usually around 3-6 weeks for DRESS

If symptoms or signs of SJS or TEN (e.g. progressive skin rash often with blisters or mucosal lesions) or DRESS (e.g. rash, fever, eosinophilia and systemic involvement (e.g. adenopathy, hepatitis, interstitial nephropathy, interstitial lung disease) are present, OSSEOR treatment should be discontinued immediately.

The best results in managing SJS, TEN or DRESS come from early diagnosis and immediate discontinuation of any suspect drug. Early withdrawal is associated with a better prognosis. The outcome of DRESS is favorable in most cases upon discontinuation of OSSEOR and after initiation of corticosteroid therapy when necessary. Recovery could be slow and recurrences of the syndrome have been reported in some cases after discontinuation of corticosteroid therapy.

If the patient has developed SJS, TEN or DRESS with the use of OSSEOR, OSSEOR must not be re-started in this patient at any time.

A higher incidence, although still rare, of hypersensitivity reactions including skin rash, SJS or TEN in patients of Asian origin has been reported (see section 4.8).

HLA-A*33:03 and HLA-B*58:01 alleles have been identified as potential genetic risk factors for strontium ranelate-associated SJS/TEN in Han Chinese patients from a retrospective, case-control, pharmacogenetic study. Where possible, screening for HLA-A*33:03 and HLA-B*58:01 alleles could be considered before starting treatment with OSSEOR in patients of Han Chinese origin. If tests are positive for one or both alleles, OSSEOR should not be started. However, absence of these alleles upon genotyping does not exclude that SJS/TEN can still occur.

Interaction with laboratory test

Strontium interferes with colorimetric methods for the determination of blood and urinary calcium concentrations. Therefore, in medical practice, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry or atomic absorption spectrometry methods should be used to ensure an accurate assessment of blood and urinary calcium concentrations.

Excipient

OSSEOR contains aspartame, a source of phenylalanine, which may be harmful for people with phenylketonuria.

4.5Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Food, milk and derivative products, and medicinal products containing calcium may reduce the bioavailability of strontium ranelate by approximately 60-70%. Therefore, administration of OSSEOR and such products should be separated by at least two hours (see sections 4.2 and 5.2).

As divalent cations can form complexes with oral tetracycline (e.g. doxycycline) and quinolone antibiotics (e.g. ciprofloxacin) at the gastro-intestinal level and thereby reduce their absorption, simultaneous administration of strontium ranelate with these medicinal products is not recommended. As a precautionary measure, OSSEOR treatment should be suspended during treatment with oral tetracycline or quinolone antibiotics.

An in vivo clinical interaction study showed that the administration of aluminium and magnesium hydroxides either two hours before or together with strontium ranelate caused a slight decrease in the absorption of strontium ranelate (20-25% AUC decrease), while absorption was almost unaffected when the antacid was given two hours after strontium ranelate. It is therefore preferable to take antacids at least two hours after OSSEOR. However, when this dosing regimen is impractical due to the recommended administration of OSSEOR at bedtime, concomitant intake remains acceptable.

No interaction was observed with oral supplementation of vitamin D.

No evidence of clinical interactions or relevant increase of blood strontium levels with medicinal products expected to be commonly prescribed concomitantly with OSSEOR in the target population were found during clinical trials. These included: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (including acetylsalicylic acid), anilides (such as paracetamol), H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors, diuretics, digoxin and cardiac glycosides, organic nitrates and other vasodilators for cardiac diseases, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II antagonists, selective beta-2 adrenoceptor agonists, oral anticoagulants, platelet aggregation inhibitors, statins, fibrates and benzodiazepine derivatives.

4.6Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

There are no data from the use of strontium ranelate in pregnant women.

At high doses, animal studies have shown reversible bone effects in the offspring of rats and rabbits treated during pregnancy (see section 5.3). If OSSEOR is used inadvertently during pregnancy, treatment must be stopped.

Breast-feeding

Physico-chemical data suggest excretion of Strontium ranelate in human milk OSSEOR should not be used during breast-feeding

Fertility

No effects were observed on males and females fertility in animal studies.

4.7Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Strontium ranelate has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines.

4.8Undesirable effects

Summary of the safety profile

OSSEOR has been studied in clinical trials involving nearly 8,000 participants. Long-term safety has been evaluated in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis treated for up to 60 months with strontium ranelate 2 g/day (n=3,352) or placebo (n=3,317) in phase III studies. Mean age was

75 years at inclusion and 23% of the patients enrolled were 80 to 100 years of age.

In a pooled analysis of randomised placebo-controlled studies in post-menopausal osteoporotic patients, the most common adverse reactions consisted of nausea and diarrhoea, which were generally reported at the beginning of treatment with no noticeable difference between groups afterwards. Discontinuation of therapy was mainly due to nausea.

There were no differences in the nature of adverse reactions between treatment groups regardless of whether patients were aged below or above 80 at inclusion.

Tabulated list of adverse reactions

The following adverse reactions have been reported during clinical studies and/or post marketing use with strontium ranelate.

Adverse reactions are listed below using the following convention : very common (≥1/10); common (≥1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100); rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).

System Organ Class

Frequency

 

Adverse reaction

Blood and lymphatic disorders

Uncommon

 

Lymphadenopathy (in association with

 

 

 

hypersensitivity skin reactions)

 

Rare

 

Bone marrow failure#

 

 

 

Eosinophilia (in association with

 

 

 

hypersensitivity skin reactions)

Metabolism and nutrition

Common

 

Hypercholesterolaemia

disorders

 

 

 

Psychiatric disorders

Common

 

Insomnia

 

Uncommon

 

Confusion

Nervous system disorders

Common

 

Headache

 

 

 

Disturbances in consciousness

 

 

 

Memory loss

 

 

 

Dizziness

 

 

 

Paraesthesia

 

Uncommon

 

Seizures

Ear and labyrinth disorders

Common

 

Vertigo

Cardiac disorders

Common

 

Myocardial infarction

Vascular disorders

Common

 

Venous thromboembolism (VTE)

Respiratory, thoracic and

Common

 

Bronchial hyperreactivity

mediastinal disorders

 

 

 

Gastrointestinal disorders

Common

 

Nausea

 

 

 

Diarrhoea and Loose stools

 

 

 

Vomiting

 

 

 

Abdominal pain

 

 

 

Gastrointestinal pain

 

 

 

Gastrooesophageal reflux

 

 

 

Dyspepsia

 

 

 

Constipation

 

 

 

Flatulence

 

Uncommon

 

Oral mucosal irritation (stomatitis and/or

 

 

 

mouth ulceration)

 

 

 

Dry mouth

Hepatobiliary disorders

Common

 

Hepatitis

 

Uncommon

 

Serum transaminase increased (in

 

 

 

association with hypersensitivity skin

 

 

 

reactions)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue

Very common

 

Hypersensitivity skin reactions (rash,

disorders

 

 

pruritus, urticaria, angioedema)§

 

 

 

 

Common

Eczema

 

Uncommon

Dermatitis

 

 

Alopecia

 

Rare

Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and

 

 

Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) (see section

 

 

4.4)#

 

Very rare

Severe cutaneous adverse reactions

 

 

(SCARs): Stevens-Johnson syndrome and

 

 

toxic epidermal necrolysis* (see section

 

 

4.4)#

Musculoskeletal and connective

Very common

Musculoskeletal pain (muscle spasm,

tissue disorders

 

myalgia, bone pain, arthralgia and pain in

 

 

extremity)§

General disorders and

Common

Peripheral oedema

administration site conditions

Uncommon

Pyrexia (in association with

 

 

hypersensitivity skin reactions)

 

 

Malaise

Investigations

Common

Blood Creatine phosphokinase (CPK)

 

 

increaseda

§ Frequency in Clinical Trials was similar in the drug and placebo group. * In Asian countries reported as rare

# For adverse reaction not observed in clinical trials, the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval is not higher than 3/X with X representing the total sample size summed up across all relevant clinical trials and studies.

aMusculo-skeletal fraction > 3 times the upper limit of the normal range. In most cases, these values spontaneously reverted to normal without change in treatment.

Description of selected adverse reactions

Venous thromboembolism

In phase III studies, the annual incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) observed over 5 years was approximately 0.7%, with a relative risk of 1.4 (95% CI = [1.0 ; 2.0]) in strontium ranelate treated patients as compared to placebo (see section 4.4).

Myocardial infarction

In pooled randomised placebo-controlled studies of post-menopausal osteoporotic patients, a significant increase of myocardial infarction has been observed in strontium ranelate treated patients as compared to placebo (1.7% versus 1.1 %), with a relative risk of 1.6 (95% CI = [1.07 ; 2.38]).

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the national reporting system listed in Appendix V.

4.9Overdose

Symptoms

Good tolerance was shown in a clinical study investigating the repeated administration of 4 g strontium ranelate per day over 25 days in healthy postmenopausal women. Single administration of doses up to 11 g in healthy young male volunteers did not cause any particular symptoms.

Management

Following episodes of overdoses during clinical trials (up to 4 g/day for a maximal duration of 147 days), no clinically relevant events were observed.

Administration of milk or antacids may be helpful to reduce the absorption of the active substance. In the event of substantial overdose, vomiting may be considered to remove unabsorbed active substance.

5.PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

5.1Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Drugs for the treatment of bone diseases - Other drugs affecting bone structure and mineralisation, ATC code: M05BX03.

Mechanism of action

In vitro, strontium ranelate:

-increases bone formation in bone tissue culture as well as osteoblast precursor replication and collagen synthesis in bone cell culture.

-reduces bone resorption by decreasing osteoclast differentiation and resorbing activity.

This results in a rebalance of bone turnover in favour of bone formation.

The activity of strontium ranelate was studied in various non-clinical models. In particular, in intact rats, strontium ranelate increases trabecular bone mass, trabeculae number and thickness; this results in an improvement of bone strength.

In bone tissue of treated animals and humans, strontium is mainly adsorbed onto the crystal surface and only slightly substitutes for calcium in the apatite crystal of newly formed bone. Strontium ranelate does not modify the bone crystal characteristics. In iliac crest bone biopsies obtained after up to 60 months of treatment with strontium ranelate 2 g/day in phase III trials, no deleterious effects on bone quality or mineralisation were observed.

The combined effects of strontium distribution in bone (see section 5.2) and increased X-ray absorption of strontium as compared to calcium, leads to an amplification of bone mineral density (BMD) measurement by dual-photon X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Available data indicate that these factors account for approximately 50% of the measured change in BMD over 3 years of treatment with OSSEOR 2 g/day. This should be taken into account when interpreting BMD changes during treatment with OSSEOR. In phase III studies, which demonstrated the anti-fracture efficacy of OSSEOR treatment, measured mean BMD increased from baseline with OSSEOR by approximately 4% per year at the lumbar spine and 2% per year at the femoral neck, reaching 13% to 15% and 5% to 6% respectively after 3 years, depending on the study.

In phase III studies, as compared to placebo, biochemical markers of bone formation (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and C-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen) increased and those of bone resorption (serum C-telopeptide and urinary N-telopeptide cross links) decreased from the third month of treatment up to 3 years.

Secondary to the pharmacological effects of strontium ranelate, slight decreases in calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) serum concentrations, increases in blood phosphorus concentrations and in total alkaline phosphatase activity were observed, with no observed clinical consequences.

Clinical efficacy

Osteoporosis is defined as BMD of the spine or hip 2.5 SD or more below the mean value of a normal young population. A number of risk factors are associated with postmenopausal osteoporosis including low bone mass, low bone mineral density, early menopause, a history of smoking and a family history of osteoporosis. The clinical consequence of osteoporosis is fractures. The risk of fractures is increased with the number of risk factors.

Treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis:

The anti-fracture studies program of OSSEOR was made up of two placebo-controlled phase III studies: SOTI study and TROPOS study. SOTI involved 1,649 postmenopausal women with established osteoporosis (low lumbar BMD and prevalent vertebral fracture) and a mean age of 70 years. TROPOS involved 5,091 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (low femoral neck

BMD and prevalent fracture in more than half of them) and a mean age of 77 years. Together, SOTI and TROPOS enrolled 1,556 patients over 80 years at inclusion (23.1% of the study population). In addition to their treatment (2 g/day strontium ranelate or placebo), the patients received adapted calcium and vitamin D supplements throughout both studies.

OSSEOR reduced the relative risk of new vertebral fracture by 41% over 3 years in the SOTI study (table 1). The effect was significant from the first year. Similar benefits were demonstrated in women with multiple fractures at baseline. With respect to clinical vertebral fractures (defined as fractures associated with back pain and/or a body height loss of at least 1 cm), the relative risk was reduced by 38%. OSSEOR also decreased the number of patients with a body height loss of at least 1 cm as compared to placebo. Quality of life assessment on the QUALIOST specific scale as well as the General Health perception score of the SF-36 general scale indicated benefit of OSSEOR, compared with placebo.

Efficacy of OSSEOR to reduce the risk of new vertebral fracture was confirmed in the TROPOS study, including for osteoporotic patients without fragility fracture at baseline.

Table 1: Incidence of patients with vertebral fracture and relative risk reduction

Study

Placebo

OSSEOR

Relative Risk Reduction vs.

 

 

 

placebo (95%CI), p value

 

 

 

 

SOTI

N=723

N=719

 

New vertebral fracture

32.8%

20.9%

41% (27-52), p<0.001

over 3 years

 

 

 

New vertebral fracture

11.8%

6.1%

49% (26-64), p<0.001

over the 1st year

 

 

 

New clinical vertebral

17.4%

11.3%

38% (17-53), p<0.001

fracture over 3 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TROPOS

N=1823

N=1817

 

New vertebral fracture

20.0%

12.5%

39% (27-49), p<0.001

over 3 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In patients over 80 years of age at inclusion, a pooled analysis of SOTI and TROPOS studies showed that OSSEOR reduced the relative risk of experiencing new vertebral fractures by 32% over 3 years (incidence of 19.1% with strontium ranelate vs. 26.5% with placebo).

In an a-posteriori analysis of patients from the pooled SOTI and TROPOS studies with baseline lumbar spine and / or femoral neck BMD in the osteopenic range and without prevalent fracture but with at least one additional risk factor for fracture (N=176), OSSEOR reduced the risk of a first vertebral fracture by 72% over 3 years (incidence of vertebral fracture 3.6% with strontium ranelate vs. 12.0% with placebo).

An a-posteriori analysis was performed on a subgroup of patients from the TROPOS study of particular medical interest and at high-risk of fracture [defined by a femoral neck BMD T-score ≤ - 3 SD (manufacturer’s range corresponding to -2.4 SD using NHANES III) and an age ≥ 74 years (n=1,977, i.e. 40% of the TROPOS study population)]. In this group, over 3 years of treatment, OSSEOR reduced the risk of hip fracture by 36% relative to the placebo group (table 2).

Table 2: Incidence of patients with hip fracture and relative risk reduction in patients with BMD ≤ -2.4 SD (NHANES III) and age ≥ 74 years

Study

Placebo

OSSEOR

Relative Risk Reduction vs.

 

 

 

placebo (95%CI), p value

 

 

 

 

TROPOS

N=995

N=982

 

Hip fracture over 3 years

6.4%

4.3%

36% (0-59), p=0.046

 

 

 

 

Treatment of Osteoporosis in men:

The efficacy of OSSEOR was demonstrated in men with osteoporosis in a 2-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with a main analysis after one year in 243 patients (Intention to treat population, 161 patients received strontium ranelate) at high risk of fracture (mean age 72,7 years; mean lumbar BMD T-score value of -2.6; 28% of prevalent vertebral fracture).

All patients received daily supplemental calcium (1000 mg) and vitamin D (800 UI).

Statistically significant increases in BMD were observed as early as 6 months following initiation of OSSEOR treatment versus placebo.

Over 12 months, a statistically significant increase in mean lumbar spine BMD, main efficacy criteria (E (SE) = 5.32% (0.75); 95%CI = [3.86 ; 6.79]; p<0,001), similar to that observed in the pivotal anti-fracture phase III studies carried-out in postmenopausal women, was observed.

Statistically significant increases in femoral neck BMD and total hip BMD (p<0,001) were observed after 12 months.

Paediatric population

The European Medicines Agency has waived the obligation to submit the results of studies with OSSEOR in all subsets of the paediatric population in osteoporosis (see section 4.2 for information on paediatric use).

5.2Pharmacokinetic properties

Strontium ranelate is made up of 2 atoms of stable strontium and 1 molecule of ranelic acid, the organic part permitting the best compromise in terms of molecular weight, pharmacokinetics and acceptability of the medicinal product. The pharmacokinetics of strontium and ranelic acid have been assessed in healthy young men and healthy postmenopausal women, as well as during long- term exposure in men with osteoporosis and postmenopausal osteoporotic women including elderly women.

Due to its high polarity, the absorption, distribution and binding to plasma proteins of ranelic acid are low. There is no accumulation of ranelic acid and no evidence of metabolism in animals and humans. Absorbed ranelic acid is rapidly eliminated unchanged via the kidneys.

Absorption

The absolute bioavailability of strontium is about 25% (range 19-27%) after an oral dose of 2 g strontium ranelate. Maximum plasma concentrations are reached 3-5 hours after a single dose of 2 g. Steady state is reached after 2 weeks of treatment. Intake of strontium ranelate with calcium or food reduces the bioavailability of strontium by approximately 60-70%, compared with administration

3 hours after a meal. Due to the relatively slow absorption of strontium, food and calcium intake should be avoided both before and after administration of OSSEOR. Oral supplementation with vitamin D has no effect on strontium exposure.

Distribution

Strontium has a volume of distribution of about 1 l/kg. The binding of strontium to human plasma proteins is low (25%) and strontium has a high affinity for bone tissue. Measurement of strontium concentration in iliac crest bone biopsies from patients treated for up to 60 months with strontium ranelate 2 g/day indicate that bone strontium concentrations may reach a plateau after about 3 years

of treatment. There are no data in patients to demonstrate elimination kinetics of strontium from bone off-therapy.

Biotransformation

As a divalent cation, strontium is not metabolised. Strontium ranelate does not inhibit cytochrome P450 enzymes.

Elimination

The elimination of strontium is time and dose independent. The effective half-life of strontium is about 60 hours. Strontium excretion occurs via the kidneys and the gastrointestinal tract. Its plasma clearance is about 12 ml/min (CV 22%) and its renal clearance about 7 ml/min (CV 28%).

Pharmacokinetics in special populations

ElderlyPopulation pharmacokinetic data showed no relationship between age and apparent clearance of strontium in the target population.

Renal impairment

In patients with mild-to-moderate renal impairment (30-70 ml/min creatinine clearance), strontium clearance decreases as creatinine clearance decreases (approximately 30% decrease over the creatinine clearance range 30 to 70 ml/min) and thereby induces an increase in strontium plasma levels. In phase III studies, 85% of the patients had a creatinine clearance between 30 and 70 ml/min and 6% below 30 ml/min at inclusion, and the mean creatinine clearance was about 50 ml/min. No dosage adjustment is therefore required in patients with mild-to-moderate renal impairment.

There is no pharmacokinetic data in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance below 30 ml/min).

Hepatic impairment

There is no pharmacokinetic data in patients with hepatic impairment. Due to the pharmacokinetic properties of strontium, no effect is expected.

5.3Preclinical safety data

Non-clinical data revealed no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology, genotoxicity and carcinogenic potential.

Chronic oral administration of strontium ranelate at high doses in rodents induced bone and tooth abnormalities, mainly consisting of spontaneous fractures and delayed mineralisation that were reversible after cessation of treatment. These effects were reported at bone strontium levels 2-3 times higher than bone strontium levels in humans up to 3 years of treatment. The data on skeletal strontium ranelate accumulation in longer term exposure is limited.

Developmental toxicity studies in rats and rabbits resulted in bone and tooth abnormalities (e.g. bent long bones and wavy ribs) in the offspring. In rats, these effects were reversible 8 weeks after cessation of treatment.

Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA)

The environmental risk assessment of strontium ranelate has been conducted in accordance to European guidelines on ERA.

Strontium ranelate does not present a risk for the environment.

6.PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

6.1List of excipients

Aspartame (E951)

Maltodextrin

Mannitol (E421)

6.2Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3Shelf life

-3 years.

-Once reconstituted in water, the suspension is stable for 24 hours. However, it is recommended to drink the suspension immediately after preparation (see section 4.2)

6.4Special precautions for storage

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

For storage conditions after reconstitution of the medicinal product, see section 6.3.

6.5Nature and contents of container

Paper/polyethylene/aluminium/polyethylene sachets.

Pack sizes

Boxes containing 7, 14, 28, 56, 84 or 100 sachets.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

6.6Special precautions for disposal

No special requirements.

7.MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER

LES LABORATOIRES SERVIER 50, rue Carnot

92284 Suresnes cedex France

8.MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)

EU/1/04/287/001

EU/1/04/287/002

EU/1/04/287/003

EU/1/04/287/004

EU/1/04/287/005

EU/1/04/287/006

9.DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION

Date of first authorisation: 21/09/2004

Date of latest renewal: 22/05/2014

10.DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT

Detailed information on this medicinal product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency http://www.ema.europa.eu

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